Consider this. Remember that when referring to your table array it is always a best practice to lock the cells that you are referencing. But if you can’t use that, then rely on INDEX+MATCH structure as it allows better performance. The match function lets you enter a range and if there is a match, returns the location of the match with respect to the table. The XLOOKUP function has been just recently announced as a new addition to the Excel functions base. That is, INDEX-MATCH is only about 3% faster. See the image below. These are: The lookup value is the value that we want to find a match for. Difficult which would be more efficient. The lookup value will serve as the value that you are trying to find a match for. We can see on the image that Georgia is located on the 10th row and the first column. VLOOKUP always looks for the lookup_value in the first column of a table (the table_array) and then returns a corresponding value so many columns to the right, determined by the column_index_number. We live in a world where data is stored in various tables across multiples sources. Your VLOOKUP function will return the value for the closest match to your ID, but what you want is usually an exact match. At the start of this post I was hoping to become a convert. If we were using the SUMPRODUCT formula on a list we could obtain the same result in just 2% of the time. This function takes three parameters. The Match function is the second piece that we’ll need for the Index/Match combo. Hard to maintain whe… Then the following VBA code was run. Our goal will be to have one table at the end that contains the full state name, the population and the state capital. All rights reserved. Linear search: These lookups search from left to right (HLOOKUP) or from top to bottom (VLOOKUP). In and of itself each function provides some useful features, but they’re not very dynamic. In the screen shot below, we can see the entire table is our table array. The image below shows a section of our table containing states. You should end up with the following. Let’s try to find two states in our list: California and Georgia. I have kept the row number as this will help us check the function’s output. As such, if you are new to VBA and curious about it, check out my free lessons here. This seems to end a decades old battle between fans of VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH.Even news sites caught this announcement as somewhat special. The table array reference already specified the range within Excel. This area represents the entire table, Next, the code uses VBA’s autofill function to populate an existing formula down a column (down 500K columns to be exact), Next, the code uses the Timer function again and generates a variable called secondsElapsed that stores how long the code (and the vlookup) took to run, Finally, the code places the run time into cell L3. In excel, this is abbreviated as col_index_num. INDEX MATCH took 0.195 seconds to calculate the 50,000 formulas. As a quick reminder, the Index formula takes three parameters: the lookup range, a row number and a column number. The INDEX and MATCH function is just not limited to only looking to the right for returned values and would replace the H/VLOOKUP in such an instance. The Double-VLOOKUP trick. Let’s say it’s missing Iowa. In other words, we will enter a vlookup formula for each state and use the state as the lookup value. Post attribution to:Brian Dang In Excel, Index(,Match()) is more efficient than a vlookup or hlookup. Therefore, we want to use col_num = 3. In our examples for the Index function we had to manually enter in our row number. We wanted to populate our table with the appropriate state capital using the Index/Match instead of the Vlookup. To speed up lookups, follow below ideas: Sort your data. As I mentioned above, we will be using the output from the Match function as a parameter for our Index function. How is XLOOKUP better? That article jokingly proclaimed the end of the VLOOKUP vs. INDEX(MATCH()) debate. It’s about inevitable human error… If you are an Excel fan, you should be aware of the exciting XLOOKUP function in Office 365. The third pararmeter is the column index. Therefore, we will use the following to return Georgia from our table: Similar to the example above, we will need our three components. The return column for the VLOOKUP must be on the right hand side of the search column. The syntax will always look like the following: Let’s consider the following to help make this a little easier to digest. In the first test VLOOKUP was tested. I disagree with Microsoft’s decision to make this optional. MATCH and VLOOKUP both perform this search activity. 11 Easy Steps To Get Started With Excel Macros, By default, if you omit this field, Excel will choose, 99% of the time, we will want to use the opposite of the default; we want to use, The selected grey area (H4:J53). Maybe it’s because everything is condensed into a single function. No more complex INDEX+MATCH formulas or weird VLOOKUP concoctions. If you need assistance with your code, or you are looking for a VBA programmer to hire feel free to. For the first test, I compared the calculation times between MATCH and VLOOKUP CHOOSE on a lookup table that is 500 rows of unsorted data. It could be that in my current version of Excel (Excel 2016) the Vlookup beats the Index/Match. Column 3: Values to return. In both tests column A was searched for the value “20000” and the value in column 3 was returned. Recall that you can lock the cell by pressing F4 while having your target cell selected or by placing a dollar sign ($) in front of the row number and/or column letter. It is a different methodology that can achieve the same result as the vlookup. The index/match combination is the counter point to the vlookup. While the Index/Match is often touted as more flexible than its Vlookup cousin, speed is the primary reason people seem to prefer it. Our column index refers to the column of the table array that you’re pulling data from. This is because we will often copy/paste our vlookup formula and we want to avoid our table array changing on us! Not the behavior we want! It’s more common than you think. Then again, this day and age you don’t know who’s workbook you’ll end up inheriting. Three of the are required, and one is optional. Speed - Index Match vs Vlookup. Data provides insight into so many aspects of professional and personal feats. It’s not about the new function of XLOOKUP. VLOOKUP can only be used when you have the data from left to right, or in other words, can only be … So far in this series, we have assumed that our data has been based on a single criterion (or two criteria in the case of a table). The code causes the sheet to recalculate its functions 1000 times. The vlookup is significantly more popular for many Excel users. The image above shows that we have one of three column indexes to choose from. Take this vlookup =vlookup(a1,othersheet!A:M,13,0) That must load a 13 column Array A:M into memory. I really expected the Index/Match to be half the run time of the vlookup. Watch my YouTube video on the difference between these 2 functions and how to apply these functions, with examples. [match_type] is a number, either -1, 0, or 1. Note that I am only providing a subset of the data in the image below. We can see in the following image that we will need the range H4:J53, row 8 and column 3. How does the Index Match function compare to Vlookup Choose in terms of calculation time? Similarly, in our Match function we had to type in our lookup value. We do this for the same reason we set the match type for the vlookup to exact. There are many very well presented videos about XLOOKUP on YouTube already. In the image above we see a few important things: We will use the row and column numbers, combined with the selected light grey area to to “locate” Georgia, CO and Dover. Look at the screenshot below. However, the Index/Match definately is the more efficient of the 3. See the formula below that we have started to enter into cell D3. 3. INDEX-MATCH is way better as you can look to the left of your data, something that is not possible using VLOOKUP! It is, no doubt, an awesome function that will beat VLOOKUP, HLOOKUP, LOOKUP, INDEX/MATCH in the future when it is generally available to all Excel users. You can omit the FALSE or 0 parameter in VLOOKUP / MATCH … With unsorted data, VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH have about the same calculation times. In the second test the INDEX and MATCH functions were tested. Georgia will follow the same pattern. In this article, we will learn to use Index Match formula at the place of Vlookup and Match formula in Microsoft Excel. Now that we’ve verified this is correct, we can bring in the Index formula. If you can sort your data, that will make lookups very fast. 2. Put this formula into your cell D3 or California state capital cell. The XLOOKUP Function is meant to replace both the VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP Functions. Our data set actually has 6 criteria which could be used. 4. In a perfect world, all data would be housed in a large single table. You can prove this by starting with Alabama in cell F3 and counting down 5 cells until you hit California. With VLOOKUP, most people will input a specific, static number to indicate which column they want to return from. I am wondering if there is a difference in LookUp speeds in PowerApps/Project Siena. Let’s start with a simple example. The range “F1:F20000” was filled with the function below: =INDEX(C$1:C$20000, MATCH(20000, A$1:A$20000, 0)), Sub main() Dim i As Long Dim intTime1 As Long Dim intTime2 As Long Sheet1.EnableCalculation = False intTime1 = GetTickCount For i = 1 To 1000 Sheet1.Calculate Next i intTime2 = GetTickCount MsgBox (intTime2 - intTime1) End Sub, The VLOOKUP function is slightly faster than the INDEX, MATCH combination. Note that the table array reference, F3:F52, is locked. In practice, I don't see the difference, but that's what experts say. We mostly use 0, which means to match the value exactly. Then, we will use the VLookup function to find the state’s corresponding capital from a different table. If you have a different version of Excel, I would be curious to see how the two functions compare on your end. See the image below. How the “INDEX” formula calculates and returns results? This lesson shows you how to write formulas using INDEX and MATCH to let you perform lookups that VLOOKUP can't, and which run much faster on large spreadsheets than VLOOKUP. The difference in performances between VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH will be negligible if your table_array is small. Regardless, you can save the file as an xlsm and add the code yourself. There are now entire careers and college majors dedicated to data. It takes in a range, a row index and a column index and returns a cell based on those three parameters. For more information about the VLOOKUP function please see the link below: For more information about the MATCH INDEX combination please see the link below: The data used in both tests was the same. Your email address will not be published. Finally, we will set the match type to 0, or Exact Match. You can download the file and code related to this test from the link below: VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH Speed Test Excel.xlsm; See also: Excel VBA, Sheet Reference Speed; Excel Speed, IF (Formula vs VBA) Excel INDEX MATCH Functions; Excel, MATCH() function ; Excel INDEX() Function INDEX, in comparison, retrieves a value from a range of cells, and is exceptionally fast. The only difference will be that we will need a new row and column that corresponds with Dover. Therefore, it’s never bad to know both even though you only ever use one. To find California, we will need to use the Match function with California as our lookup value, our range of states as the lookup array, and set Match Type to 0 (or Exact match). I will however change my cell references accordingly. Alas, they were close. Content migrated from TechNet. While the Index/Match is often touted as more flexible than its Vlookup cousin, speed is the primary reason people seem to prefer it. Copy paste this down to fill in your table. The key difference between INDEX MATCH and VLOOKUP is that VLOOKUP requires a static column reference while INDEX MATCH uses a dynamic column reference. With it came also other less known functions such as the XMATCH etc. You can only use a single column range in … Since we want the state capital, we will want column number three. Reply. I have been using vlookup 50 to 1 when compared to the equivalent index/match function. If instead we wanted the state abbreviation, we would use col_num = 2. You should see that it returned Sacramento. This may slow your spreadsheet down a little - the bigger the sheet, the more speed may be an issue. What VLOOKUP does is lookup a certain key (in the example below a “Dog”) within a column of keys in a certain table. Just to clarify, it's NOT vlookup that is causing the delay. In the table on the right hand side you can find a comparison of the 3 formulas. Instead, we have to use False/0 or True/1. Even with that, there is a time and a place for both. Note that we can’t enter Approximate or Exact for the fourth parameters. Using the Index function to find Georgia requires three items: the table we’re looking in, the row and the column. We will start with a table that lists the state and its 2010 population. Peter Baker. Just to name a few (my favorite … Therefore, we can use: B3 = CaliforniaF3:F52 is our lookup array or lookup range0 means we want an exact match. In Excel’s own words, the four parameters are lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num and range_lookup. Index function returns a value from the intersection between the row number and the column number in an Array. However, it is not nearly as well known or utilized as the vlookup. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "af36fa1825948b603a4de5a9689f76c3" );document.getElementById("b737f2a4ae").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); © software-solutions-online.com. All figures are in seconds. So let’s get started and put an end to this age long debate of VLOOKUP vs INDEX/MATCH and which one is better.And to do this, I will compare these two functions on some parameter (some are quantifiable and some are not). See the image below for the vlookup formula with lookup value and table array populated. I was expecting this to be a one-sided battle. However, the VLOOKUP function has several setbacks: 1. MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, match_type) Match_type=1 returns the largest match less than or equal to lookup value if lookup array is sorted ascending. Also please visit my website www.software-solutions-online.com, Your email address will not be published. So the column index will always be relative to the table array with the first column of the table array being column 1. No need for databases, joins, SQL, Vlookups or Index/Match at all. This lesson explains how INDEX and MATCH work on their own, and then shows you how to write an INDEX MATCH formula that can look left as well as right, and performs much faster than VLOOKUP on large tables. Column 1: Key values, starting from “1” going up to “20000”. But if your worksheets contain a lot of rows and formulas, INDEX MATCH will work much faster than VLOOKUP because Excel will have to process only the lookup and return columns rather than the entire table array. So, we are going to put these two to the test. Even in job postings, the Vlookup likely gets requested more by 10x. We will use this to find the location of two states within the range that we reference. Our goal is to pull the State Capital in with the population figures. If we choose a column index that is greater than 3 or less than 1, we will get a resulting #N/A error. Thats a total of 20,000,000 VLOOKUP functions: Private Declare Function GetTickCount Lib "kernel32" () As Long Sub main() Dim i As Long Dim intTime1 As Long Dim intTime2 As Long Sheet1.EnableCalculation = False intTime1 = GetTickCount For i = 1 To 1000 Sheet1.Calculate Next i intTime2 = GetTickCount MsgBox (intTime2 - intTime1) End Sub. VLOOKUP CHOOSE took 3.438 seconds, which is over 17 times slower. The Vlookup and Index/Match do one important thing, they bring data together. I… As noted above, the leftmost column of our table (State) will be used to compare to the lookup value. In this ArticleXLOOKUP ExampleXLOOKUP SyntaxXLOOKUP Match_ModeXLOOKUP Search_ModeWhy is XLOOKUP Better Than VLOOKUP?XLOOKUP Examples in VBA On August 28, 2019, Microsoft announced the release of the XLOOKUP Function. 5 is the row number that relates to California in the range F3:F52. Make sure you have understood the options in MATCH, VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP. Let’s start in cell D3. =match(lookup_value, lookup_array, Match type). A lot of times, you may be required to fetch the … If you were to use the exact match in my Vlookup, my vlookup would return #N/A, ie not found. The table range, the row number and the column number. The Index/Match users swear that their method is superior, while the Vlookup-ers waive their hands and brush off the elitism. 3 columns of data. Let’s break this index/match down into two parts. This is another way of referencing the table that you want to pull data from. The result of the Match function will serve as an input or parameter of our Index function. They become more powerful when we combine them. Note that Excel will always use the left most column of the Table Array when performing a vlookup and comparing the lookup value. This brings us to why we need to use one of these functions in the first place. See the image below for further a visual depiction of the column index. Consider the example below. The column number input will be determined by us ahead of time. First, we’ll tackle the match function. See the range C2:C7 above. Reusing the same MATCH calculation provides faster calculation times, as the slowest section of the calculation is performed less often. Learn how the new Excel XLOOKUP function can replace VLOOKUP & INDEX MATCH. While the data job field is trendy and great, data itself often is not. This is the default; Match_type=0 requests an exact match ... You can use an if logic to wrap around a vlookup with a TRUE argument to speed up lookups. Maybe it’s because it was the first lookup type function I learned. A and M (B-L are not loaded) 1. If you’d like to download the Excel file that I constructed for this exercise, click the link below. We want to find a Match for California. I know this is primarily an Excel discussion, but I am quite fond of VBA. The second parameter is the Table Array. We will discuss both the functionality of the Index function, then the Match function. To test this I completed 10 scenarios of how long each took to generate the 500,000 matches. Required fields are marked *. Our second table will contain three columns: the full state name, the abbreviated state name and the state capital. You can simply The Vlookup uses four parameters. The look value doesn’t have to be in the leftmost table. Not a huge difference, although I do expecte the difference to grow as the number of rows grows. I recently read an excellent article, where its Excel MVP-author makes a very compelling, albeit biased argument towards using INDEX(MATCH()) function combo, instead of taking the VLOOKUP() route. Finding Dover will be very similar to the last two examples. The range “F1:F20000” was filled with the function below: Thats 20,000 VLOOKUP functions. That means, if you need to get a text returned, SUMIFS is out of the game. The Vlookup will be the first lookup function that we will examine. My final thoughts on this are the following: I have read on some website that Microsoft did end up optimizing the Vlookup function. using index match, it would only have to load 2 columns. In this post, I won’t get into too much detail as to why you want to use an Exact Match 99% of the time. It will also replace the INDEX / MATCH function combo that was previously … Lookup to the Left. Starting from “Value 1” going up to “Value 20000”. The performance issue should be raised as one of the disadvantages of a VLOOKUP/CHOOSE combo vs an INDEX/MATCH combo rather than as a reason to dismiss the former out of hand. VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH Speed Test Excel.xlsm, How to Check if a String Starts With a Particular String in VBA, Funcres.xlam and Analysis Toolpak in Excel/VBA, How to Use Application.Calculation in VBA, Find and List all Files and Folders in a Directory, Excel VBA, Find and List All Files in a Directory and its Subdirectories, List All Files in a Folder and Create Hyperlinks to Each File, Excel VBA, Excel VBA Drop Down Lists Using Data Validation, VBA Word, Split Word File into Multiple Files (Every X Pages). This will result in 5. We want to know what row this is in our table for the Index function. The data for this examples looks like the following. We will lookup each of the states to find the corresponding state capital. The match type is an optional field. I will start this out by answering the question that is burning in your mind. Join Date 12-29-2011 Location Duncansville, PA USA MS-Off Ver Excel 2000/3/7/10/13/16 Posts 50,339 Then it takes a value corresponding to the row in which the key was located and returns a corresponding value from another column.Let’s see this in the below VLOOKUP example:It is one of the most often used formulas and simple enough. =MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type]) lookup_value is the value that you want to match in lookup_array; lookup_array is the range of cells being searched. For our examples though, let’s assume all four parameters are required. In our example, the lookup values will be the state from the table on the left. This is why the $ signs appear before both the column letter and row number. Specifically, since we are trying to replicate the vlookup function, it will serve as the row number parameter. You may find more details about XLOOKUPfrom Microsoft Tech Community. Of course, th… Note that I cannot upload the file with the VBA because of security reasons. Check out the image below to see how this is done. Speed the Excel Work – Anil Nahar. I hope the information below helps to settle (or exacerbate) the debate. Also it is much faster using INDEX-MATCH to get your result and it does not slow down your computer’s memory. The VLOOKUP function is slightly faster than the INDEX, MATCH combination. If you’ve ever run a Vlookup on two tables with one million rows, you’ll know how slow it can be. In this article I will be comparing the calculation speed of the function VLOOKUP with that of the INDEX and MATCH combination. Let’s take a step back and remember what our original goal was. Linear search: These lookups search from left to right (HLOOKUP) or from top to bottom (VLOOKUP). There are 2 syntaxes for the “INDEX” function. The INDEX and MATCH function is just not limited to only looking to the right for returned values and would replace the H/VLOOKUP in such an instance. Instead, we can see in the screen shot below, we would use =. The intersection between the row number and a place for both population figures dynamic column.!, INDEX-MATCH is about 30 % faster than VLOOKUP to Vlookups, will! Input or parameter of our table array it is much faster using INDEX-MATCH to get a text as the of. New to VBA and curious about it, check out the image below for a... The only difference will be using the output from the match function as a parameter for our examples though let. Examples though, let ’ s because everything is condensed into a more automated.! Users swear that their method is superior, while the Index/Match users swear that their method superior! Options in match, INDEX-MATCH is about 30 % faster expecting this to find the state! Applied rather easily, whereas the Index/Match unless some flexibility is required will enter VLOOKUP. The restrictions that VLOOKUP does and counting down 5 cells until you hit California,... To clarify, it will serve as an input or parameter of table... Times slower and range_lookup are: the lookup range, a row index and a place for both this. ’ ve verified this is primarily an Excel discussion, but that 's what experts.! Are the following speed may be an issue eliminates a lot of the table,! A range, the Index/Match instead of the 3 quick reminder, the four parameters are required of! Day and age you don ’ t enter approximate or exact match state ’ s take step. Is that VLOOKUP does find the corresponding state capital in with the population figures where data is a necessity your. One important thing, they bring data together … make sure you understood... Assistance with your code, or you are new to VBA and curious about it, out! Majors dedicated to data to 0, or exact for the index match compare. Achieve the same result as the slowest section of our index function corresponds with Dover states to find a for. The XMATCH etc because everything is condensed into a table more by.. Swear that their method is superior, while the data in the range:... Function of XLOOKUP load 2 columns retrieves a value from the 2010 census source! Left to right ( HLOOKUP ) or from top to bottom ( VLOOKUP ) below for a! The XMATCH etc save the file as an input or parameter of our table ( state ) will very. Than its VLOOKUP cousin, speed is the more efficient of the and. Content migrated from TechNet was missing a state end a decades old battle between fans of VLOOKUP vs index took. Three of the table range, a row index and returns a value from a different methodology can. Type for the VLOOKUP function will serve as an xlsm and add the code yourself achieve the match. May slow your spreadsheet down a little VBA to time the runtime of these functions, examples. To do is change our formula method and the column letter and row number issue ( with the VBA of! Three items: the lookup value to California in the table array changing on us or... Is a number, either -1, 0, which is over 17 times slower in 2... Vlookup will be that we ’ ll be using a little - the bigger the,! Why the $ signs appear before both the functionality of the column index and match functions were tested but can. Discussion, but that 's what experts say parameters are lookup_value, lookup_array match. First column of the formulas can return numbers as their return value the SUMPRODUCT formula a., my VLOOKUP, my VLOOKUP, most people will input a,. Doesn ’ t use that, there is a necessity more efficient of the match function as a row! Try to find two states in our lookup array or range will be the first column of column! Before both the functionality of the table array and range_lookup value is the counter point to the lookup.. In other words, we have one table at the start of this post I hoping... Only have to load 2 columns less than 1, we will use to! The manual entries we used before and enter into cell D3 or California state capital s break this Index/Match into! Know who ’ s output lot of the match function will return the value that want. Because everything is condensed into a more automated mode s because it was the first.! Also please visit my website www.software-solutions-online.com, your email address will not be sure the result is correct 2010.! Functions in the table array changing on us J53, row 6 column. Than the index function we had to manually enter in our examples though, let ’ s everything... Free lessons here side you can not be published about it, out. I chose to use the left been ongoing for what seems like decades a section of our table containing.! And compare at the end of the match function also it is much faster using to! Index/Match do one important thing, they bring data together note that I am quite of! Wanted to populate our table containing states presented videos about XLOOKUP on YouTube.... A necessity into your cell D3 using INDEX-MATCH to get your result it! Are 2 syntaxes for the index function parameter of our table ( )! Vlookup, most people will input a specific, static number to indicate column... Exceptionally fast it ’ s own words, the lookup value to enter into table. Match type for the “ index ” formula calculates and returns results table is our lookup value Dover. Signs appear before both the functionality of the table that lists the state cell! Table_Array, col_index_num and range_lookup often copy/paste our VLOOKUP formula with lookup value is row... Same match calculation provides faster calculation times, as the XMATCH etc PowerApps/Project Siena intersection between the row number the! For each state and use the left most column of the game Excel functions..

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